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Cooke, M.C. 1879: New Zealand fungi. Grevillea 8(46): 54-68.

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Cooke, M.C. 1879: New Zealand fungi. Grevillea 8(46): 54-68.

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On Senecio vulgaris. Waitaki.
On trunks. Maungaroa (144).
On dung. Waitaki (61).
On the ground. Hokieika, Winton.
On naked wood. Whangaroa (386); Waitaki (295); Maungaroa, Melbourne (Australia).
Pulvinatum, sub-hemisphericum, vel irregularis (1-5 mm.) pallidum. Sporis clavatis, 5-9 septatis, magnis, hyalinis (0.3 mm. long, vel ultra).
A more imposing species than B. flavum. There is no record of its colour in the living state.
Obovata, vel spathulata, sessilis, aurantiaca, ad basin plicata, demum rupta. Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis amplis, ellipticis, hyalinis (0.022-0.025 x 0.016-0.018 mm.).
On wood. Waitaki (55, 68).
On the ground. Waitaki.
On dead wood. Waitaki (38 his.).
On wood. Waitaki (56/56 bis., 343), Wellington (Travers, 363), Melbourne (Australia), Maungaroa.
On dead wood. Waitaki (11).
On the ground. Maungaroa (138).
Pileus about an inch broad; stem two inches long, half an inch thick at the base, attenuated upwards; flesh tinged with orange; spores small, subglobose.
Pileo carnoso, molli, e convexo depresso, glabro, umbrino ; margine incurvo ; stipite solido, pallido, sursum attenuato ; lamellis subconfertis, dichotomis, aurantiacis.
On rotten wood. Waitaki (112, 297).
More compact than C. roseum, retaining a somewhat ferruginous colour when dry.
Aurantium vel fuscum, gregarium; clavulis breviter ramosis, congestis, confluentibus. Sporis sub-ellipticis, hyalinis (.014 X .01 mm.).
On wood. Waitaki (65).
On rotten wood. Winton (113).
Roseum, gregarium ; clavulis furcato-ramosis, brevibus. Sporis ovalibus, hyalinis (.012 X .01 mm.).
Although colourless when dried, the drawing which accompanied it gives distinctly the form, and bright rose colour. It nevertheless requires better knowledge of its life-history before its affinities become certain.
On leaves. Waitaki (252).
On leaves of Poa foliosa. Canterbury Alps (398).
Punctiforme, atrum, gregarium, compactum. Caespitulis hemisphericis, velutinis, atris. Hyphis dense fasciculatis, brevibus, septatis, sporisque olivaceis (sporis .02-.04 x .007 mm.).
In habit resembling a Sphaeria or Venturia.
On the ground. Waitaki (3).
On the ground. Waitaki (74).
On branches. Wellington (Travers, 374).
On bark, &c. Waitaki (260).
On wood. Waitaki (82).
Minima. Stipite rugoso-sulcato, pallido ; capite ochraceo, depresso-globoso, laevi, glabro ; sporis minutis, linearibus.
Not more than a quarter of an inch high. It is a Coryne, as interpreted by Berkeley, and not by Tulasne.
On herbs. Maungaroa (220).
On dead wood. Waitaki, River Bealey, Little, River, Otira, Winton, Wellington (Travers).
On sticks. Wellington (Mr. Travers).
Paler than in the usual form, externally woolly. Sporangia 12 mm., brownish; sporidia shorter by nearly one-third. A very neat variety, perhaps a distinct species.
On the ground. Banks' Peninsula (216.).
Campaniformis, sessilis, superne late apertis, striis plane destitutus, extus pallide ochraceus, sericeo-tomentosus, intus fusco-cinereus. Sporangiis ellipticis, nigris, laevibus ; tunica crassa. Sporis ovatis, hyalinis.

Sporangia 3 1/2 x 2 1/2 ; epiderm 1/10 mm. thick; spores .012 x .009 mm.

Greatly resembling C. vernicosus, DC., but distinct in the sporangia and spores. Probably it was this which Berkeley referred doubtfully to C. Emodense, B.

On the ground. Wellington (Travers).
On bark and twigs. Winton (230).
Sparsa, sessilis, pallida, villosa, 1-3 mm. diam. Cupulis excavatis, margine incurvo. Spores ellipticis, infra apiculatis (.02-024 x .015 mm.).
The dense flexuous hairs are about three to four-tenths of a millemetre long. A most distinct and notable species. I am indebted to my friend, Mr. W. Phillips, of Shrewsbury, for assistance in the examination of this and many of the Discomycetes.
On naked wood. Waitaki (83, 271), Winton (77), Wellington (Mr. Travers).
Sparsa, sessilis. Cupulis demum expansis (2-4 mm), extus pallidis, granulosis, margine elevato, flexuoso. Hymenio murinaceo. Ascis clavatis, lone stipitatis. Sporidiis lanceolatis, rectis vel curvulis, endochromate quinque-divisis (.025-.035 x .004-.006 mm)
On rotten wood. Dunedin (207).
On grasses. Banks' Peninsula (332).
On naked wood. Dunedin (243). Accompanied by a minute Phoma.
Sparsa, erumpens. Peritheciis punctiformibus, atris, demum apertis; disco fuligineo. Sporis cylindraceis,hyalinis(.02 X .0035mm.).
On branches. Winton (111).
Effusa, applanata, undulato-lobata, fuliginea; papillis minimis conspersa, subtus laevi. Basidiis clavatis, furcatis (?)
Very tough, much flattened, and more delicate than E. glandulosa, to which it is allied. The specimens are probably immature, no globose basidia were seen.
On the ground. Maungaroa.
Clavulis inflatis, ovatis, depressis, vel collapsis.
The clubs collapse and overhang the stem, as in Leotia, but the fruit does not differ sufficiently to warrant its separation as a distinct species.
On the ground. Winton (213).
On wood. Melbourne (Australia), Maungaroa, Wellington (365).
On wood. Maungaroa, Winton (110).
Ochraceum,.sessile, sparsum (1-3 mm.). Cupulis applanatis, concavis ; margine pallido, elevato. Ascis cylindricis. Sporidiis breviter ellipticis, demum uniseptatis (.007-.0l x .003-.004 mm.) Paraphysibus linearibus.
Described with some hesitation as the specimen was small. It is therefore subject to future confirmation.
On decorticated sticks. Waitaki (30 b).
Banks' Peninsula (329), Waitaki (287, 304, 298, 292, 38).
Sparsum, lacteum, sessile. Cupulis concavis (2-3 mm.), margine flexuoso. Ascis cylindraceis Sporidiis uniseriatis, lanceolatis, nucleatis (.02-.03 x .004-.006 mm.) Paraphysibus filiformibus.
Diaphanous, milky white when fresh, ochraceous when dry.
On very rotten wood. Maungaroa (387).
Erumpens, pallidum, stipitatum. Cupalis clavatis, dein plano-concavis (0-5 mm.) difformibus. Stipite amplo, deorsum attenuato. Ascis clavatis. Sporidiis subclavatis, utrinque rotundatis, nucleatis, curvulis (.03-.035 x .005 mm.).
On Phormium tenax. Maungaroa (388).
On dead trees. Waima, Maungaroa, Waitaki, Coromandel, Westland, Ohaeawai, Hokianga, Wellington (Mr. Travers).
On the ground. Maungaroa (320)
On the ground. Waitaki (85), with figure.
The colour as shown in the drawing is verdigris-green, but in other respects it does not appear to differ from the typical form in any essential particular.
On the ground. Maungaroa (154).
On bark. Waima (338).
On bark and wood. Otawa (335).
On bark. Wellington (Travers. 370).
Erumpens, discoidea, umbrino-vinosa (2 mm.), intus pallida, saepe gregaria. Peritheciis nec non perfecte evolutis.
This is certainly an Hypocrea, very similar in character to H. Richardsoni, Berk., although no fructification or even perfect perithecia could be found. It is very distinct, externally resembling, at a superficial glance, Diatrype disciforme, in the size and form of the stroma, and habit of growth.
On branches.
Orbicularis, convexa, atro-vinosa (2-3 mm.), ostiolia vix distincta. Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis dissilientibus, cellulis sub-globosis (0.306-0.007 mm.), hyalinis.
Sporidia larger than in H. rufa, which it somewhat resembles in habit.
On dead wood. Waitaki (307).
Parallelum, convexo-planum, atrum, elongatum, utrinque truncatum. Ostiolis punctiformibus; intus fuligineo-atris. Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis arcte ellipticis, continuis, atro-brunneis (0.012-0.014 x 0.0045 mm.).
On naked wood. Waitaki (250).
Sparsum, erumpens, tenue. Peritheciis elongato-ellipticis, parallelis; labiis erosis, rigentibus, tenuibus, atris; disco cinereo. Ascis clavatis. Sporidiis ellipticis, uniseptatis, brunneis (0.02-0.025 x 0.008 mm.).
A singular species, with no immediate allies
On Phormium tenax. Winton (390).
On the ground. Waitaki, Winton.
On naked wood. Waitaki (278).
On wood. Wellington (Mt. Travers).
On the ground. Maungaroa (223), Waitaki (57-58).
On the ground and stumps. Waitaki (300), Ohaeawai (341), Melbourne (Australia).
Sparsa, succinea, vel subaurantia. Peritheciis laevibus, hinc illic congestis, nec caespitosis. Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis uniseriatis, ellipticis, uniseptatis, vix constrictis (0.016-0.02 x 0.008 mm.). Conidiis in stromate tuberculoideis enatis, elongato-ellipticis, nucleatis, hyalinis (0.012-0.014 x 0.004 mm.).
On the outside and inside of fallen bark, fragments of wood, &c. Dunedin (123, conidia), Melbourne, (Australia 389, 362).
Caepitosa, testaceo-rubra, erumpens. Caespitulis convexis. Peritheciis subglobosis, laevibus, papillatis, mox depressis, vel concavis. Ascis clavatis. Sporidiis biseriatis, ellipticis, uniseptatis, constrictis, hyalinis (0.02-0.025 x 0.008-0.01 mm.).
Closely allied to N. pulcherrima, B. & Br., but perithecia darker, and sporidia rather smaller.
On bark. Little River, Banks' Peninsula (305), Maungaroa (321).
The spores are larger, and more distinctly coloured than in the original typical specimen of P. fulva, but we hesitate to separate it on the faith of a single specimen.
On woods. (Winton (401).
On bark. Waitaki (347).
Effusa, crassa, dura, perennis; hymenio irregulari-lobato, pallido, laevi, velutino ; margine subelevato ; setulis obclavatis, hyalinis, asperulis ( .04 x .015 mm.).
Resembling in appearance Stereum annosum, B. & Br., but with the. characteristic bodies on the hymenium, which are peculiar to Peniophora. Spores elliptic or reniform, .007 x .003 mm.
Resembling P. scutellata in size and general appearance, but with coarsely warted sporidia (0.022-0.025 x 0.012-0.014 mm.), and very long marginal hairs.
On rotten wood. Ohaeawai (206).
Aurantiaca, sparsa, sessilis (1-4 mm.). Cupulis concavis, crispulis, subtus pallidiore, tenuibus. Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis linearibus (.008 x .003 mm.), utrinque rotundatis. Helotium crispulum, MSS. in Herb.
On wood. Maungaroa (211).
Nivea, stipitata, sparsa; cupulis (0 1-0.2 mm.) parvulis, vilosis, turbinatis, in stipitem brevem productis. , Ascis clavatocylindricis. Sporidiis fusiformibus, biseriatis, guttulatis, demtim pseudoseptatis (.015-.02 x .002-.003 mm.) Paraphysibus elongato-fusiformibus, acutis.
The hairs are septate, smooth, and granularly capitate.
On ferns. Dunedin (400).
Sparsa, sanguineo-rubra, ceraceo-mollis, sessilis. Cupulis demum applanatis (1-1.5 mm.), margin elevator Ascis clavatis. Sporidiis cylindricis, utrinque attenuates, guttulatis (.016 x .003-.004 mm) Parapbysibus filiformibus.
Similar to P. rubella, P., but firmer, and with different fruit.
On decorticated wood. Waitaki (100).
Magna, cupulata, demum expansa, revoluta, applanata; extus subglabra, vel farinosa; intus pallido-fusca. Ascis longe attenuatis, cylindraceis (0.02 mm.). Sporidiis ellipticis, binucleatis (0.01-0.012 x 0.005 mm.).
Cups 1 to 3 inches, or more, in diameter. Resembling P. palmicola, B. & C., but larger, and with different fruit.
On the ground. Waitaki (72).
On Cruciferce. Bank's Peninsula (331).
On Phormium. Banks' Peninsula (328), Dunedin.
Sparsum, cuticula nigro-facta tectum. Peritbeciis applanatis, sporis cylindrico-ellipticis, rectis, viridis (.01_x .004 mm.).
On herb stems. Waitaki (78).
On trees. Hokianga, Melbourne (Australia).
On the ground. Waima, Bay of Islands, Ohaeawai.
On trunks. Maungaroa.
On bark. Wellington (Travers).
On trunks. Coromandel, Waitaki, Maungaroa, Bay of Islands, Banks' Peninsula, Westland, Wellington (Mt. Travers), Melbourne (Australia, 382).
On trunks. Wellington (Travers), Coromandel, Ohaeawai, Waitaki (256), Winton (226, 350),, Dunedin.
Resupinate form. On trunks. Coromandel (392).
On charred wood.
Pileo e carnoso suberoso, ungulato, glabro, albido, demum pallido, cute rivuloso-fatiscente, intus niveo, spongioso, tenae.i; hymenio convexo, rimoso ; poris angulatis, minimis, brevibus, albis. (vix P. betulinus.)
Substance snowy-white, not at all fragile as in P. officinalis, but firm and tough ; pileus 6 inches across, 4 inches high.
On the ground. Melbourne (Australia, 364), Lake Taupo (317).
On trunks. Bay of Islands (334).
On bark, &c. Melbourne (Australia, 380, 374), River Bealey (348), Bay of Islands (236).
On bark. Wellington (Travers, 368), Maungaroa (319).
On bark and wood. Maungaroa (219, 222), Melbourne (Australia, 373).
On trunks. River Otira, Canterbury Alps (313), Winton (350), Waitaki (345), Banks' Peninsula (330).
On branches. Winton (232).
On trunks: Coromandel (309, 310).
Pileo suberoso-coriaceo, duro, convexo, supra concentrice sulcato, subrugoso, atro-umbrino, margine obtuso, velutino, pallidiore ; corne zonato, ferrugineo; poris praelongis, stratosis, minimis, rotundatus, fusco-ferrugineis, demum caryophyllaceis.
No. 309 is evidently a resupinate form of No. 310. Three to six inches broad, when resupinate extending for nearly a foot. The hymenium is surrounded by a broad sterile, velvety margin, which is scarcely so distinct in the resupinate form. Allied to P. applanatus, Fr., but, quite distinct.
On the ground, Lake Taupo ; with empty peridia from other localities.
Sparsa denudata. Peritheciis subglobosis, ad basin applanatis, atris glabris, nitidis. Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis ellipticis, continuis, brunneis (0.016-0.018 x 0.008 mm.).
On rotten wood. Wellington (Mt. Travers).
Sparsa, cuticula nigrofacta tecta, glabra; cellulis, brunneis. Ascis clavatis. Sporidia biseriatis, ellipticis, medio constrictis, brunneis, septatis, muriformibus (0.03 x 0.15 mm).
There are no true perithecia. The cells surrounding the perithecial cavity are brown, globose, and readily separable.
On leaves of grass. Tauranga (399).
On the ground. Bank's Peninsula (403).
Durissimus, depresso-globosus, fuscus, capillamentis paucis obvolutus ; peridia crasso corneo, carne minutissime cellulosa (vix distincta) cinereo-fusca; sporis hyalinis, arete ellipticis, binucleatis (.007 x .003 mm.).
About one inch in diameter. When dry it is exceedingly hard, so that it can scarcely be cut; the surface then resembles buffalo horn.
In the ground. Maungaroa (163), Bank's Peninsula.
On upper surface of leaves of Ixerba brexioides. Tuaranga (326).
Epiphyllum, gregarium. Peritheciis atris, prominulis, nitidis. Sporis sub-globosis, hyalinis (.07 X .006 mm. vel exacte globosis).
On trunks. Otawa, Bay of Islands, Ohaeawai, Maungaroa, Banks' Peninsula, Little River, Wellington (Travers), Melbourne (Australia).
On the ground. Wellington (Mr. Travers), Banks' Peninsula (327).
In grassy places. Banks' Peninsula, Waitaki, Dunedin, Maungaroa, Wellington (Mr. Travers).
Sparsa, erumpens. Peritheciis globosis, atris, prominulis, laevibus. Ascis clavatis. Sporidiis biseriatis, sublanceolatis, obtusis, multiseptatis, muriformibus, olivaceo-fuscis (0.03 x 0.012 mm.).
Variety with larger sporidia (0.085 x 0.015 mm.). Tauranga (397).
On herb stems. Taupo (242).
Sparsa, tecta. Peritheciis subglobosis, elevatis, atris, demum epidermide perforatis. Ascis subcylindricis. Sporidiis ellipticis, uniseptatis, constrictis (0.015-0.018 x 0.007 mm.).
On Carduus lanceolatus (?) Maungaroa (316).
Sparsa, punctiformis, tecta. Peritheciis subglobosis, depressis. Ascis cylindraceis, stipitatis.Sporidiis ellipticis, continuis (0.01 x 0.005 mm ), brunneis.
On Phormium tenax. Waitaki (391 bis.).
Sparsa, erumpens. Peritheciis globosis, atris, epidermide fissuruto cinctis. Ascis amplis,clavatis. Sporidiis subclavatis, obtusis, septatis, muriformibus, fuligineis (0.03-0.032 x 0.016 mm.)
The sporidia are not constricted, and their general form differs from those of S. australis.
On Phormium tenax. Waitaki (391).
On dung. Winton (120).
On rotten wood. Wellington (Mt. Travers).
On twigs. Wellington (Travers, 376).
On trunks. Hokianga (337), Wellington (Travers, 369), Ohaeawai (340).
On bark of trees. Dunedin (315), Waitaki (342).
Pileo coriaceo, rigido, effuso-reflexo, cinereo, subzonato, hirsuto ; hymenio nudo, glabro, radiato-rimoso laceratore, cinereo, demum pruinoso.
Effused for three or four inches, with the margin torn and split, separable, slightly reflexed above and villons. Entirely cinereous.
On branches. Wellington (Travers, 373), Waitaki (279, 270, 257), Winton (351), Maungaroa, Melbourne, (Australia 365).
Sparsa, erumpens, nivea. Matrice stellata-fissurato (0.05-0.08 mm.) Ascis cylindraceis. Sporidiis filiformibus (0.25 mm.). Paraphysibus filiformibus, flexuosis.
A very neat and distinct species.
On twigs. Waitaki (289).
On bark. Maungaroa (221).
On branches. Winton (107).
On branches. Wellington (Mr. Travers).
On branches. Maungaroa, Winton (108).
On branches. Winton (109).
On trunks. Maungaroa (152).
On dead wood. Winton (229).
On twigs, &c. Waitaki (81).
On Carex ternaria. Lake Taupo, Tauranga (217).

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8 August 2001
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