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Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844

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Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., 3e Sér. 1 90 (1844)

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Tul. & C. Tul.
Tul. & C. Tul.
1844
90
ICN
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
species
Crucibulum vulgare

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Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844

On dead wood. Waitaki, River Bealey, Little, River, Otira, Winton, Wellington (Travers).

Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844

Peridium cyathiform, to 12 mm. tall, and 10 mm. diameter at the apex, tapering slightly to the sessile truncate base, seated on a basal subiculum, exterior bright cinnamon brown, becoming dingy with age, in young specimens closely covered with appressed silky tomentum, becoming almost smooth with age, interior pallid cinnamon, smooth, shining; margin erect, or slightly expanded, even, thick, entire, wall of a single layer of woven hyphe. Peridiola pallid brown or dingy white, lenticular, orbicular, smooth, 1.25-2 mm. diameter; wall of three layers, an outer of woven ferruginous hyphae, a middle layer of deeply coloured branched hyphae, and an inner thin layer of gelatinized hyaline hyphae. Spores elliptical, rounded at both ends, 7-10 x 4-5.5 µ, epispore hyaline, smooth, 1 µ thick.
DiSTRIBUTION : World-wide. New South. Wales: Orange (1). Victoria: Craigie; Myperfeld National Reserve; Kollista (4). South Australia: The Hermitage; Mt. Lofty; Baker's Gully, near Clarendon; Kinchina (1). Western Australia: Pemberton (1). Tasmania: Hobart (3). New Zealand: Auckland-Puhi Puhi ; Te Aroha ; Mt. Tongariro. Taranaki-Mt. Egmont. Wellington-Levin Sandhills ; Lake Papaetonga ; York Bay; Pahiatua ; Komako ; Mt. Ruapehu, track to Ohakune Hut; Manawatu Gorge; Paekakarikei Forest Reserve; Mangahao, Tararua Ranges; Tiritea ; Teranikau Valley. Westland-Maruia Track. Canterbury-Cass; Otira Gorge. Otago-Dunedin Town Belt (2).
The species is the most abundant of those present in the order, and may be collected at almost any season of the year on dead twigs, fern fronds and the like lying on the forest floor. Our collections agree exactly with European and North American specimens. There is also present in this region a small form which was named C.simile Mass. Through the courtesy of Miss Wakefield I have been able to examine part of the type, collected at Dannevirke by Colenso and now in Kew herbarium, No. 414. It agrees with other small specimens, differing from C.vulgare only in the smaller size of the peridia and peridiola. So many intermediate forms occur that separation is not practicable. The spores are as given above, not 4 x 3 µ as described by Massee.
Since the brothers Tulasne published their classical monograph most workers have accepted their specific names for members of the family, as they were the first to work over the old European forms critically and bring order out of the chaotic naming of earlier workers. Certain American workers have, however, on the plea of priority, recorded the species under the names of Crucibulum crucibuliforme and C.levis. The former cannot be used since the specific name was employed by Scopoli prior to the starting point of modern nomenclature. No evidence exists that the plant named Cyathus levis by De Candolle is the same as C.vulgare. Use of the combination Crucibulum crucibulum, which has also been proposed on the score that the specific name was employed by Persoon, is opposed to standard usage and the recommendations of the International Rules of Nomenclature.

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Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. (1844)
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. (1844)
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. (1844)
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. (1844)
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. (1844)
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul.
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul.
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. (1844)

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Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Australia
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Italy
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Auckland
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Buller
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Coromandel
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Mid Canterbury
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Nelson
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Northland
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Taranaki
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Taupo
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Waikato
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Wairarapa
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Wanganui
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Wellington
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
New Zealand
Westland
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
South Africa
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
Sweden
Crucibulum vulgare Tul. & C. Tul. 1844
United States

Click to collapse Metadata Info

1cb1857f-36b9-11d5-9548-00d0592d548c
scientific name
Names_Fungi
1 January 2001
30 October 2002
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